Did you know that the rocket first created in China? Perhaps many of us who do not know this, the following review:
The first rocket was made in China in the 13th century. Since the beginning in China, the rocket was used as firecrackers / fireworks that can shot into the air to form a giant fireworks in the sky. Later developed into a rocket firecrackers and used as a means to carry payloads with the aim of war and peace.
At times of war, fireworks changed into a means launcher to fire arrows. This weapon is used among others China or Chin Tartar army to repel the attacks of the nation of Mongolia led by Kai Feng Fu in 1232.
Through the trade channel, knowledge of the manufacture of firecrackers to India and even to the western nations. Firecrackers in the hands of western nations developed into a rocket through a series of studies over the five centuries that since the 13th century until the 18th. Rocket name comes from the Italian Rocchetta (ie small fuse), the name of a small firecracker that was created by the Italian artificer Muratori in 1379.
The names of western scientists who have quite noticeable role in the development of rockets including Robert Anderson. The British scientists in 1696 making molds rockets and rocket fuel mixture called propellant. Entering 1806, the rocket has been used by the fleet of the Napoleonic wars, but the results are not accurate for target shooting. New at the beginning of the 20th century appear two scientists who dream of using a rocket to go to space, namely the Russian Konstantin Tsiolkovsky and Robert Goddard of the United States.
Modern rocket began when Robert Goddard was an engineer from the United States put a funnel de Laval on rocket engine combustion chamber, doubling the thrust and improve the efficiency of the rocket. Then, in 1926, Robert Goddard successfully launched its first rocket in Auburn Massachusetts. These rockets use oil and oxygen and can be rolled up to a height of 12 meters. Furthermore Goddard design a rocket that is bigger and faster, until he could fly up to an altitude of 2 km.
In the hands of the Germans, led by Hermann Oberth and Wernher von Braun, the rocket into a powerful weapon as the missile is called V-2 rocket (Vergelstungswaffe Zwei) used in World War II. They also pioneered the development of the rocket as a vehicle cargo carrier which later became the forerunner in advancing modern rocket.
After World War II, with the defeat of Germany and its allies, the rocketry technology was brought to the Soviet Union and the United States. Rocket in these two countries has developed very rapidly.
United States and the Soviet Union developed the rocket for a missile in 1950. In the hands of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the then Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik satellite carrier rocket into orbit in space on October 4, 1957. The successful launch of a satellite for the first time that followed the launch of the rocket carrying Sputnik II spacecraft manned. And in 1961, using rocket A-1 first Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person in the world who go into space.
While the United States in 1969, using Sarturnus V rocket that brought the Apollo manned aircraft by Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin made history by becoming the first man to set foot on the moon.
Currently the space into a promising business with a very large value transactions, so roketpun rented by some suppliers to launch commercial satellites into orbit. The main supplier is NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA).
That’s the history of rockets in the past and progress to date, the above information may be useful for you and your family to increase knowledge, thank you.