All living things need nitrogen to survive. But during this time, living beings can only use nitrogen after the termination of the strong bond through nitrogen. Termination of the strong bond of nitrogen that is already known there are only two kinds of processes. One of the bonding process of termination of the naturally occurring nitrogen is by utilizing the aid of bacteria which had long since farmers depend on the process. The second process is the Haber-Bosch process that has been discovered over a century ago that revolutionized the production of fertilizers and spur the growth of crops for global food supply.
The process of using light to once again revolutionize agriculture, while reducing dependence on world food supplies on fossil fuels, and reduce pollution resulting from the Haber-Bosch process. Research shows photochemical energy can replace adenosine triphosphate, which is typically used to convert dinitrogen which is a form of nitrogen found in the air and ammonia which is the main ingredient of commercially produced fertilizers.
Haber-Bosch process is currently consuming about two per cent of the supply of fossil fuels in the world. Thus, the new process which we found to be very helpful, because it does not require fossil fuels. We used a nanometer scale material to capture light energy. The research we found use direct light to make the catalyst, so that it becomes far more energy efficient. The new ammonia production process is the first process that shows how light energy can be directly worked to make the catalyst that serves to break the dinitrogen, which means sunlight or artificial light can be used as power initiate the reaction replacing fossil fuels.
Energy-efficient production of ammonia not only provide a promising opportunity for food production, but also for the development of technologies that enable fuel substitute safer alternatives and cleaner for the environment. The present invention can also be directed to the improvement of fuel cells for storing solar energy.